Historically there was once an English philosopher – Mr. Herbert Spencer – who had a very good definition of tragedy: “tragedy is when events kill a theory!”
spencer, agnostic, master of inductive magic, and an excellent thinker. “spencer can search the world to find a fact proving his theory” – (will durant).
Nowadays, although inductive, critical techniques are still available, it is of little value, it is only an optional act, and in academia, in particular, it requires ultimate inquiry. drain of realization. In Europe, Karl Popper formulated the theory of “inductive”, knowledge is the process of verification. check and error, only when there is no more wrong, when it is the right knowledge.
in the United States, from the second half of the 19th century, thought was virtually ignored. Americans don’t need to know who descartes are, but before descartes, they know that what they don’t see doesn’t necessarily exist nor what they see is not necessarily what they see, so they find a way to “see” by empirical experiments (apparently tocqueville commented like that)
forming a hypothesis (argument) and then finding facts to prove (inductive) for that hypothesis is a way of doing science for a long time, at least from the descarter philosophy. Perhaps herbert spencer is the outstanding and final representative of this method.
But in the country, at the beginning of the 21st century, “scientists” (quite famous names) still use that method. but use awe-inspiring awkwardness, ridiculous.
people have made a hypothesis, then searched for promiscuous events (note: this so-called “event” is not really a fact, because it is vague, difficult to verify, impossible to trust) to confirming the correctness of the hypothesis and ignoring the facts against the hypothesis.
one theory was built, which affirms: “Chinese ancestors of Lac Viet people from Vietnam went to explore mainland China 40,000 years ago”, “The negative path is the voice of Vietnamese living in Trang. An, due to its own historical circumstances, was formed in the Tang Dynasty “[*]
in fact it should not be blamed for scholars, because they do science in a square muzzle environment, their science is plaque. blaming plague – the fact of necessity – what to blame?
Anyway, say the keys also. at the same time as the spencer, was another outstanding figure that no one would know – the general secretary, the head of the propaganda committee knew – that was karl marx, a brain of Jewish genius. The karl marx is more than a spencer in that he doesn’t need any facts, just thinking and still building up a theory. not only that, the doctrine is also more human. but marx’s theory is not outside the definition of spencer tragedy, tragedy is when events kill a theory.
Today, not just one event, but billions of events have killed the theory of Marx. Marx’s communist doctrine has been thrown into historic trash by mankind (people still consider marx as a great figure, a landmark of the history of philosophy, does not mean that one must recognize the correctness. of marx doctrine, on the contrary, it is not because of a false doctrine that drags the owner of the doctrine to insults. in fact, marx is also a kind of victim.He is the recipient of the darkness. I have no power to kill anyone except my imagination and my pen.I want to kill people, I need to have power, such as the dark barbarians who kill in the name of his doctrine). This is well known, only pigs do not know.
But in this country, to this day, although definitely not a pig, but some still say “steadfast marx Leninism and square beard thought”.
Those who always say stupid things, are they stupid or are they stupid? Are they funny or serious?
Stupid or foolish, it’s hard to identify, but when the stupid assumptions are made, they are looking down on the whole square of the muzzle, and more importantly, they look down on themselves.
Because they are not pigs, they are absolutely shameless!